Dijkers , PhD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine at
Citation Dijkers, M. (2000).
The Community Integration Questionnaire. The Center for
Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury. http://www.tbims.org/
combi/ciq ( accessed
This citation is for the COMBI web material. Dr. Dijkers is
not the scale author for the CIQ.
Frequently Asked Questions
the CIQ be used with populations other than persons with TBI?
there a simpler way of scoring the JSV variable (job/school/volunteering)?
there norms for the CIQ?
it OK to administer the CIQ retroactively?
people with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury reliably
report on their own community integration?
Can the CIQ be used with populations other than persons with TBI?
In principle, yes. At least one study (Corrigan and Deming, 1995)
has done so. Researchers considering use with another disability
group need to consider whether in question 10 the term "head injuries"
needs to be replaced, e.g. with "persons with a disability". Also,
reliability and validity data should be collected and analyzed before
concluding that the CIQ is a valid measure with another group.
Is there a simpler way of scoring the JSV variable (job/school/volunteering)?
No. The scoring algorithm was designed to balance various combinations
of activities, without giving too much credit for the few persons
who do all three. Manual scoring is not easy, but a computer program
to do the scoring is fairly easy to write.
Are there norms for the CIQ?
No. The TBI model systems may be able develop some as soon as sufficient
numbers of completed CIQs for people of various ages, injury severities,
etc. are available.
Is it OK to administer the CIQ retroactively?
Again, it has been done (see Corrigan and Deming, 1995; Schmidt
et al., 1995). The researcher should be concerned with faulty memory,
and rose-colored glasses. In addition, if the goal is to provide
a base-line for comparing post-TBI integration levels with, it should
be realized that with the elapse of time, this basis of comparison
becomes less relevant. One cannot validly compare pre-injury status
of a 16-year old with what the person is 20 years later.
Can people with a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury reliably
report on their own community integration? No research has been done to determine what degree of cognitive
deficit would exclude a person with TBI as a reliable reporter of
her/his own level of community integration. In the TBI model systems
evaluation research, former inpatient rehabilitation patients are
routinely interviewed with regard to their social and community