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Contact
Joseph Giacino, PhD, JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute at

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Citation
Giacino, J & Kalmar, K. (2006). Coma Recovery Scale-Revised. The Center for Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury. http://www.tbims.org/
combi/crs ( accessed ).

 

 

 

 

CRS-R References

Giacino JT, Kalmar K. The vegetative and minimally conscious states: A comparison of clinical features and functional outcome. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 1997;12(4):36-51.

Giacino JT, Kalmar K, Whyte J. The JFK Coma Recovery Scale- Revised: Measurement Characteristics and Diagnostic Utility. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2004;85(12):2020-2029.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
15605342

Giacino JT, Kezmarsky MA, DeLuca J, Cicerone KD. Monitoring rate of recovery to predict outcome in minimally responsive patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 1991;72:897-901.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
1929808

Giacino JT, Trott C. Rehabilitative Management of Patients with Disorders of Consciousness : Grand Rounds. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2004;19(3):262-273.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
15247847

Giacino J, Whyte J. The vegetative and minimally conscious states: Current knowledge and remaining questions. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2005;20(1):30-50.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
15668569

Giacino JT, Zasler ND. Outcome after severe traumatic brain injury: Coma, the vegetative state, and the minimally responsive state. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 1995;10 (1):40-56.

Kalmar K, Giacino J. The JFK Coma Recovery Scale- Revised. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 2005;15(3-4):454-460.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
16350986

Nelson PR, Giacino JT. The Coma Recovery Scale : Indications for Use in the Acute Care Setting. Acute Care Perspectives, 2000;8(4):17-19.

Ng WK, Thompson R, Yablon S, Sherer M. Conceptual Dilemmas in Evaluating Individuals with Severely Impaired consciousness. Brain Injury, 2001;15(7):639-643.
More information is available from PubMed at this link, PMID:
11429092

O’Dell MW, Jasin P, Lyons N, Stivers M, Meszaro F. Standardized assessment instruments for minimally-responsive, brain-injured patients NeuroRehabilitation, 1996; 6:45-55.

O’Dell MW, Jasin P, Stivers M, Lyons N, Schmidt S, Moore DE. Interrater Reliability of the Coma Recovery Scale. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 1996;11(3):61-66.

Thompson N. Sherer M, Nick T, Yablon S, Hoye W, Gaines C, Manning E & McDonald J. Predicting Change in Functional Outcomes in Minimally Responsive Patients Using the Coma Recovery Scale. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1999;14 (8):790-791.

 

 

 
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