PhD, University of Alabama at Birmingham
Citation Novack, T. (2000). The
Orientation Log. The Center for Outcome Measurement in
Brain Injury. http://www.tbims.org/
combi/olog ( accessed
Frequently Asked Questions
can the O-Log be performed?
the O-Log be administered to people who are unable to vocalize?
the O-Log be used over the phone?
the O-Log be used by family members?
I use the O-Log or the GOAT?
When can the O-Log be performed?
At UAB, the O-Log is typically administered during morning rounds,
but it can be done at any time. In fairness to patients, it is likely
best to administer the O-Log at the same time during the day when
repeated administrations take place. The O-Log can be used daily
or at intervals of several days.
Can the O-Log be administered to people who are unable to vocalize?
The O-Log is not dependent on vocal responses. The examiner can
rely on written responses or mouthing of responses using the established
3 point scoring protocol. Fortunately, all responses to the O-Log
are brief. If the person can provide a yes/no response the recognition
format can be used.
Could the O-Log be used over the phone?
This has not been done at UAB, but there is no reason that the O-Log
could not be administered over the phone, provided the patient can
respond vocally. There are no non-vocal motor abilities required
by the O-Log and it is a brief scale.
Could the O-Log be used by family members?
A few family members at UAB have requested training in administering
the O-Log so that progress could be documented following discharge
from acute rehabilitation. This has not proven to be a problem.
Should I use the O-Log or the GOAT?
If you are working with a patient who has not experienced a TBI,
the O-Log is more appropriate. For those with TBI it is a matter
of personal choice. Both scales are effective in measuring orientation.
The O-Log has the benefit of brevity, objectivity, and clarity in
scoring. The GOAT has the benefit of a long history of research
and clinical application. For the severely injured, the O-Log should
be considered strongly because of the emphasis on essential information.
For the mildly injured, the GOAT may be more appropriate given its
track record and the questions asked.