Brown, PhD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine at
Citation Brown, M. (2006). Participation
Objective, Participation Subjective. The Center for Outcome
Measurement in Brain Injury. http://www.tbims.org/
combi/pops ( accessed
to the Participation Objective, Participation Subjective (POPS)
POPS was developed in 2004 at Mount Sinai School of Medicine (MSSM),
New York NY. It is a product of the Rehabilitation Research and
Training Center on TBI Interventions, a NIDRR-funded project (H133B040033),
to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, MSSM.
POPS consists of a list of 26 “items”, which are elements
of participation (e.g., going to the movies, housework, opportunities
to meet new people). For each item, two types of questions are asked.
The first is an objective question, e.g., how often in a typical
month do you go to the movies. The second two questions asked of
each item are subjective: How important is this to your well being?
Are you satisfied with your current level of participation, or would
you like to be doing more or be doing less?
26 items are sorted into five categories: Domestic Life; Major Life
Activities; Transportation; Interpersonal Interactions and Relationships;
and Community, Recreational and Civic Life.
POPS was developed within the context of traumatic brain injury,
but was not specifically aimed at that population. Its content is
neutral, in the sense that items refer to activities engaged in
normatively, and their inclusion is not based on relevance to a
specific disability group. The POPS takes 10-20 minutes to administer.